Deforestation and degradation globally account for about 18% of carbon emissions and are responsible for Indonesia ranking third-highest among carbon emitters globally. Indonesian forests are some of the most biologically diverse yet among the most threatened. They provide critical habitats for many threatened species, some of which are endemic like the Sumatran Orangutan, rhino, tiger and babirusa. Conservation of the remaining tracts of pristine forest is critical. As a result, much of ADMCF’s regional work as regards forest conservation has focused on Indonesia.